Figure 6: Medicine Nobel Prizes 1901-2009:
Evolution of cumulative national shares by country of birth.
The vertical width of a nation's colored
band at each year measures its percentage of all Medicine Prizes
up to that year (image height = 100%).
Germany took the lead in 1901;
India caught up in 1902,
the Faroe Islands in 1903,
Russia in 1904;
then German-born laureates led until 1968
(longer than in the citizenship-based ranking);
then US-born laureates took over.
From Evolution of National Nobel Prize Shares in the 20th Century,
Jürgen Schmidhuber, 2010. PDF. HTML.