Figure 4: Chemistry Nobel Prizes 1901-2009:
Evolution of cumulative national shares by country of birth.
The vertical width of a nation's colored
band at each year measures its percentage of all Chemistry Prizes
up to that year (image height = 100%).
The Netherlands took the lead in 1901,
Germany caught up in 1902,
Sweden in 1903,
the UK in 1904;
then Germany alone
led until 1993 (longer than in the citizenship-based ranking);
then the US took over.
From Evolution of National Nobel Prize Shares in the 20th Century,
Jürgen Schmidhuber, 2010. PDF. HTML.