Figure 11: All Nobel Prizes 1901-2009:
Evolution of cumulative national shares by citizenship
(or home of organization) at the time of the award.
Countries are ordered from upper left
to lower right corner by
the year their first laureate received a Nobel Prize fraction.
The vertical width of a nation's colored
band at each year measures its percentage of all Nobel Prizes
up to that year (image height = 100%).
Germany led the total Nobel Prize count (sharing the lead with the UK for one
Then the US surged ahead.
Note the differences
to the birth-based ranking,
due to brain drain effects.
From Evolution of National Nobel Prize Shares in the 20th Century,
Jürgen Schmidhuber, 2010. PDF. HTML.