Figure 12: All Nobel Prizes 1901-2009:
Evolution of cumulative national shares by country of birth
(or home of organization) at the time of the award.
Countries are ordered from upper left
to lower right corner by
the year their first laureate received a Nobel Prize fraction.
The vertical width of a nation's colored
band at each year measures its percentage of all Nobel Prizes
up to that year (image height = 100%).
German-born laureates led from 1901-1965 (sharing the lead with UK-born for one
Then US-born laureates took over.
Note the differences
to the citizenship-based ranking,
due to brain drain effects.
From Evolution of National Nobel Prize Shares in the 20th Century,
Jürgen Schmidhuber, 2010. PDF. HTML.