Figure 16: Science Nobel Prizes 1901-2009
by language, illustrating the global shift from
German to English as main language of science. Again we plot the
evolution of cumulative shares by citizenship
at the time of the award (top), and
by country of birth (bottom),
considering only nations whose dominant language is English
(we include UK, USA, Ireland, Australia, Canada, India - blue in the map)
or German (Germany, Austria, Switzerland - red in the map).
Laureates of mostly German-speaking nations were ahead until 1954
in the citizenship-based ranking, and until 1960 in the birth-based ranking;
then English took over for good.
From Evolution of National Nobel Prize Shares in the 20th Century,
Jürgen Schmidhuber, 2010. PDF. HTML.