2009: Appointed to the
Academia Scientiarum et Artium Europaea, the
European Academy of Sciences and Arts, whose 1317 members included numerous Nobel laureates, renowned
architects and artists, and the Pope.
1st Prizes in International Competitions (more
The deep/recurrent neural networks (Deep Learning systems) developed in the lab of JS won nine international pattern recognition contests (table includes some deadlines and image sizes):
9. MICCAI 2013 Grand Challenge on Mitosis Detection (8 Sept 2013, 2048x2048x3 pixels)
8. ICPR 2012 Contest on Mitosis Detection in Breast Cancer Histological Images (10 Sept 2012, 2048x2048x3 pixels)
7. ISBI 2012 Image Segmentation Challenge (1 Mar 2012, 512x512 pixels, with superhuman pixel error rate)
6. IJCNN 2011 on-site Traffic Sign Recognition Competition (2 Aug 2011; 0.56% error rate, the only method outperforming humans)
5. ICDAR 2011 Chinese Handwriting Recognition Competition (15 May 2011)
4. Online German Traffic Sign Recognition Contest (1st & 2nd rank; 1.02% error rate, January 2011)
3. ICDAR 2009 Arabic Connected Handwriting Competition (like the competitions below
won by multi-dimensional LSTM recurrent neural networks trained by CTC)
2. ICDAR 2009 Handwritten Farsi/Arabic Character Recognition Competition
1. ICDAR 2009 French Connected Handwriting Competition
The list above includes:
First recurrent neural network (NN) to win any contest (LSTM, 2009)
First superhuman result in a computer vision contest (2 Aug 2011)
First NN to win an object detection contest (10 Sept 2012)
First NN to win an image segmentation contest (1 Mar 2012)
First NN to win a medical imaging contest (10 Sept 2012)
First NN to win a cancer detection contest (2012)
Our NNs also achieved dramatic improvements of long standing benchmark records, e.g., MNIST (2011).
AI Lab Rankings
2 years after JS became director
the 1997 "X-Lab Survey" by the US journal Business Week
Magazine ranked IDSIA among the world's top ten AI labs.
(The other members of the top 10 club were much larger than IDSIA.)
IDSIA also was ranked 4th in the category "biologically inspired."
(IDSIA's most important results came later though.)
Best Papers etc
JS thinks his best papers were published in journals or at
conferences without best paper awards.
Nevertheless, he and his co-workers got best paper awards at (1) Genetic and Evolutionary Computation Conference (GECCO) 2005, (2) GECCO 2009, (3) Artificial General Intelligence (AGI) 2010 (Kurzweil Prize), (4) AGI 2011 (Kurzweil Prize), (5) AGI 2013, (6) Intelligent Systems & Agents (IADIS) 2014, as well as additional best paper nominations at GECCO 2005, IROS 2006, GECCO 2009, GECCO 2010, PPSN 2012. JS' team also got the AAAI 2013 Best Student Video Award
As of 2013: A dozen previous
PhD students and postdocs of JS became professors at various universities.
Others have become (co-)founders of companies
including DeepMind (whose first members with PhDs in AI and Machine Learning came from
the lab of JS).
Numerous invited keynotes / plenary talks etc. at
keynote for SAP for 6000 people (Barcelona, 10 Jan 2017),
ZEIT Reception (Davos, 18 Jan 2017),
DLD (Munich, 15-16 Jan 2017),
Boston Consulting (Chicago, 17-18 Nov 2016),
TED-style talk for WIRED 2016 (London, 4 Nov 2016),
General Electric (New York, 12-14 Oct 2016),
NVIDIA GTC conference (Amsterdam, 28 Sept 2016),
Public Interview for ZEIT (Berlin, Sept 2016),
CONLL keynote (Berlin, Aug 2016),
IJCNN 2016 plenary talk (Vancouver, July 2016),
EU Communication Summit keynote (Bruxelles, July 2016),
BMW & Modern Media Group (Beijing, May 2016),
Pictet (London, May 2016),
Microsoft (NYC, May 2016),
TED-style talk for Pathfinder Berlin (Handelsblatt 70th anniversary, May 2016),
TED-style talk for DLD (Munich, Jan 2016),
GRI Chairman Retreat (St. Moritz, Jan 2016),
Renaissance Technologies (NYC, Dec 2015),
Big Data Conference (Stuttgart, Oct 2015),
Financial Times (London, Nov 2015),
Delft Robotics (NL, Oct 2015),
2015 Keynote for Swiss eHealth summit,
2015 IEEE distinguished lecture / Microsoft, Amazon (Seattle),
2015 INNS BigData (San Francisco),
AGI 2015 keynote (Berlin),
BigTechDay keynote (Munich, 2015),
Uhlenbruch Portfolio Management (Frankfurt, 2015),
Huawei STW 2015 keynote (Shenzhen / Hongkong),
TED-style talk for XPRIZE 2015 (Los Angeles),
INNS-CIIS 2014 keynote (Brunei),
ICONIP 2014 (Malaysia),
KAIST 2014 (Korea),
CIG 2013 keynote (Niagara Falls),
TEDx UHasselt 2012,
TEDx Lausanne 2012, Bionetics 2012 keynote,
IScIDE 2012 keynote (Nanjing, China),
IJCNN 2011 (San Jose, California),
World Science Festival 2011 (New York City),
Oxford Winter Conference on Intelligence 2011,
Joint Conferences ECML 2010 / PKDD 2010 (Barcelona; banquet talk),
GPTP 2010 (Ann Arbor, 25th anniversary of GP), Singularity Summit 2009 (New York City),
AGI 2009 (Washington), ICANN 2008 (Prague), Artificial Cognitive Systems 2008 (Munich),
KES 2008 (Zagreb),
ALT 2007 & DS 2007 (Sendai, Japan; the only joint invited lecture),
ACAT 2007 (Amsterdam), Art Meets Science 2007 (Munich),
Zuse Symposium 2006 (Berlin), GWAL 2006, Turing Days 2006 (Istanbul), ICANN 2005 (Warsaw),
NN 2005 (Porto), Data Ecologies 2005 (Linz), ANNIE 2004 (St. Louis), NN 2004 (Porto), AAMAS 2004 (Leeds),
and others. Many additional invited talks at
leading universities and institutes,
e. g., Caltech, Stanford,
Cambridge, Gatsby, King's College, Hongkong, Singapore, Kyoto, Tokyo,
ETHZ, EPFL, Princeton, MIT, Harvard, etc.
Plus many invitations to speak at internal events of large and well-known companies (not mentioned
Until 1994: Involved in competitive research grants worth
several million DM/CHF/EUR/US$. Sources: Industry, DFG, BMFT.
1995-2008: Direct competitive funding for JS
at IDSIA (without funding for project partners): CHF 3'358'433 + EUR 284'300.
Sources: SNF, HASLER, CSEM, EU.
At TUM, JS also was an original PI of the Excellence Cluster
Cognitive Technical Systems. Total funding: > US$ 8m/year for 5 years through the Excellence
Initiative (> US$ 2.5 billion for 2006-2011),
which selected Munich's TUM and LMU as two of the three first
German "Elite Universities". (At TUM, JS also got an extra EUR 334'805 from the EU.)
2009-2015: JS' direct external funding for research projects starting/acquired at the Swiss AI Lab IDSIA (without funding for project partners): EUR 4'073'078 + CHF 3'539'213 + USD 373'858 = CHF 9'456'512 (based on exchange rates as of project start dates) = US$ 9'570'000 (as of 1/1/2016). Sources include EU, SNF, Industry.
for all major journals and conferences in the field
Regular reviewer of proposals to
EU, NSF (US), SNF (Swiss), NWO (Dutch),
DFG (German), Humboldt (German),
and other international grant providers
Lectures at TUM, UC Boulder, Univ. Lugano,
in German or English,
on artificial intelligence,
bio-inspired optimization and machine learning
(introductory and advanced),
mathematically optimal general problem solvers,
algorithmic information theory and its applications.
Practical machine learning lab courses
and seminars on numerous AI topics
such as computer vision, evolutionary algorithms,
statistical learning theory, music & computer science,
game theory, and others.
Previous Positions until 1995
at TUM (somewhat comparable to an assistant professor in the US):
October 1993 - February 1995. Privatdozent since
at University of Colorado at Boulder (CU):
July 1991 - December 1992. (Declined postdoc
offer by Caltech.)
at TUM: March 1991 - June 1991
in a printery: 1982 - 1983
Military Service -
Obligatory service in German Army 1981 - 1982.
August 1993: qualification for tenure professorship in
computer science (at age 30),
Technische Universität München (TUM).
Postdoctoral thesis: ``Net Architectures,
Objective Functions, and Chain Rule''. Referees:
Profs C. v. d. Malsburg, W. Brauer (supervisor), B. Radig.
PhD thesis on ``Dynamic Neural Nets and the
Fundamental Spatio-Temporal Credit Assignment Problem'' at
TUM. Defense: January 1991. Referees: Profs W. Brauer (supervisor),
1983 - 1987:
4 year study of computer science and mathematics at
TUM (average is 6.05 years).
are highly questionable and obviously cannot tell us much about true impact. For example,
many computer scientists with comparatively negligible impact have collected many more citations than Kurt Goedel, the founder (1931) of theoretical computer science himself, or Konrad Zuse, the inventor of the first working program-controlled computer, or other pioneers such as Alan Turing.
(To put things in perspective:
the highest-cited single author paper ever - by Swiss biologist U. K. Laemmli -
has a record 200,000 citations
per co-author.) JS wrote in Citation bubble about to burst? (Nature, vol. 469, p. 34, 2011): "Like the less-than-worthless collateralized debt obligations that drove the recent financial bubble, and unlike concrete goods and real exports, citations are easy to print and inflate.
Financial deregulation led to short-term incentives for bankers and rating agencies to overvalue their CDOs, bringing down entire economies. Likewise, today's academic rankings provide an incentive for professors to maximize citation counts instead of scientific progress [...] We may already be in the middle of a citation bubble - witness how relatively unknown scientists can now collect more citations than the most influential founders of their fields [...] Note that I write from the country with the most citations per capita and per scientist."
JS' own contributions to the citation bubble are visible in his Google Scholar Citation Profile.
fluent (mother tongue)
corrupted by Italian, but
can make slow conversation
can order pizza. Currently improving.
17.1.1963 in München.
German; Swiss permit C.
Univ. Prof. USI
Prof. SUPSI Dr. rer. nat. TUM Dr. rer. nat. habil. TUM Dipl. Inf. Univ. TUM
Ulrike Krommer (since May 3, 1997)
Julia (since September 10, 1997), Leonie (since January 25, 2000)
low-complexity art (see publications),
theory of beauty,
science fiction written by scientists,
various physical activities.